European Windows 2012 Hosting BLOG

BLOG about Windows 2012 Hosting and SQL 2012 Hosting - Dedicated to European Windows Hosting Customer

European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Using UNION With Different Tables, Fields And Filtering

clock July 31, 2018 09:22 by author Peter

The command "UNION" is the perfect way to join two tables with the same data context. Whether they have or do not have the same fields, you need to classify the data.
Look at this selected query.
Select t.* From ( 
(Select 1 as typePerson, tenName as namePerson, tenSalary as payMoney From Teachers Where tenAge>30) 
UNION 
(Select 0 as typePerson, stdName as namePerson, 0 as payMoney From Students Where stdYearFinish=2016) 
) t 
Where t.namePerson like ‘Maria%’ 
Order By t.tenName , t.typePerson;*


It creates a temporary alias “t”;
It classifies each data row “typePerson”, 1 (true) for teachers and 0 (false) to Students;
It filters the age of the teachers;
It filters the end year on the school to the year 2016;
After the UNION, it filters by the field name Person that begins with Maria.

Observations
All fields must be at the same position and the same data type, you can make all kinds of selects, joins, where etc. The "UNION ALL" command is better than UNION if you want to select all rows. If they are the same**, this is not the case. In this sample, you can make it a View.

CONCLUSION

You must be careful of the position of the fields and the type, and you can use cast too.

This selection is just an example.
The SQL UNION ALL operator is used to combine the result sets of 2 or more SELECT statements. It does not remove duplicate rows between the various SELECT statements (all rows are returned).

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.



SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Auto Query Generator In MSSQL Server

clock July 26, 2018 08:01 by author Peter

If you’re a developer, irrespective of the platform, you  have to work with databases. Creating SQL statements for tables is quite often a monotonous job and it gets hectic especially when dealing with gigantic tables that have hundreds of columns. Writing SQL statements manually every time becomes a tiresome process. Before explaining the script, I want to share the reason to write this script and how it is helping my peers. We have code standard on the database side. Below points are standards.

  • Need to maintain a separate stored procedure to every table
  • Don’t use * in the query instead specify the column
  • Use the correct data type and size of a column
  • Every parameter should be nullable in a stored procedure.

I am developing an application which is related to machines using .NET and SQL Server. The database design consists of some master tables and transactional tables. All the transactional table has more than 30 columns.

To meet my code standards, I need to mention all columns with correct data type and size in stored procedure parameters like below,
CREATEproc [dbo].[USP_PCNitemCreation] ( @Id int, @machineName varchar(50)=NULL, @furnacename varchar(50)=NULL, @minValue int=NULL, @maxValue int=NULL, @createdDate datetime=nullvarchar(100)=NULL ) 

All the queries should specify the column instead of using the start(*).
select machineName,furnacename from trn_furnace where Id=@Id 

It consumes more time and is a boring task. So, I plan to write the script to is cut down on the time it takes and boring repeated work. We cannot automate the logic, but we can automate the repeated task.

Then I write the below script which really cuts down on all of our above pain points.

Auto Query Generator Stored Procedure for MSSQL Server,
CREATEproc [dbo].[USP_QuerycreationSupport] ( @table_Name varchar(100)=NULL ) AS  
BEGINDECLARE @InserCols   NVARCHAR(max)DECLARE @Inserparam  NVARCHAR(max)DECLARE @Insertquery NVARCHAR(max)DECLARE @Selectquery NVARCHAR(max)DECLARE @Update      NVARCHAR(max)DECLARE @DeleteQuery NVARCHAR(max) 
  -- sp paramSELECT '@'+c.NAME+Space(1)+Casecast(t.Nameasnvarchar(40))WHEN'nvarchar'THEN  
  t.NAME    +'('+cast(c.max_length asnvarchar(30))+')'  
WHEN'varchar'THEN  
  t.NAME+'('+cast(c.max_length asnvarchar(30))+')'  
WHEN'char'THEN  
  t.NAME+'('+cast(c.max_length asnvarchar(30))+')'  
WHEN'decimal'THEN  
  t.NAME        +'(18,2)'  
  ELSE t.nameend+'=null,'AS colss FROM sys.columns c innerjoin sys.types t ON c.user_type_id = t.user_type_id leftouterjoin sys.index_columns ic ON ic.object_id= c.object_idand ic.column_id = c.column_id leftouterjoin sys.indexes i ON ic.object_id= i.object_idand ic.index_id = i.index_id WHERE c.object_id=object_id(@table_Name)SELECT'Insert query'SET @InserCols=(selectdistinct  
  (  
         select sc.NAME+','  
         FROM   sys.tables st innerjoinsys.columns sc  
         ON st.object_id= sc.object_id  
         WHERE  st.NAME= @table_Name forxmlpath(''),  
                type).value('.','NVARCHAR(MAX)'))  
  -- Return the result of the functionSELECT @InserCols=LEFT(@InserCols,Len(@InserCols)-1)  
  --select @InserColsSET @Inserparam=(selectdistinct  
  (  
         select'@'+sc.NAME+','  
         FROM   sys.tables st innerjoinsys.columns sc  
         ON st.object_id= sc.object_id  
         WHERE  st.NAME= @table_Name forxmlpath(''),  
                type).value('.','NVARCHAR(MAX)'))  
  -- Return the result of the functionSELECT @Inserparam=LEFT(@Inserparam,Len(@Inserparam)-1)  
  --select @InserparamSET @Insertquery='insert into '+@table_Name+'('+@InserCols+')'+'values'+'('+@Inserparam+')'SELECT @InsertquerySELECT'Update Query'SET @Update=(selectdistinct  
  (  
         select sc.NAME+'=@'+sc.NAME+','  
         FROM   sys.tables st innerjoinsys.columns sc  
         ON st.object_id= sc.object_id  
         WHERE  st.NAME= @table_Name forxmlpath(''),  
                type).value('.','NVARCHAR(MAX)'))  
  -- Return the result of the functionSELECT @Update=LEFT(@Update,Len(@Update)-1)  
  --select @UpdateSET @Update='UPdate '+@table_Name+' set '+@UpdateSELECT @Update  
  -- For select QuerySELECT'Select Query'SET @Selectquery='select '+@InserCols +' from '+ @table_NameSELECT @Selectquery 
  -- For Delete QuerySELECT'Delete Query'SET @DeleteQuery='delete from '+ @table_NameSELECT @DeleteQuery 
end 


How to use this script,
Step 1 - Create the stored procedure using the above code or attached code.
Step 2 - Execute the stored procedure and pass your table name as a parameter.
Exec USP_QuerycreationSupport@table_Name='mstCustomer' 

Should not pass the database object in the table name
Exec USP_QuerycreationSupport@table_Name='[dbo].[mstCustomer]' 

Once you execute the Stored Procedure as mentioned above, you get all the SQL statements as shown here. You could easily use the generated SQL statements elsewhere. You get all basic SQL statements like Select, Insert, Update & Delete.


HostForLIFE.eu SQL Server 2016 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.



European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: FOR JSON Clause With AUTO Mode In SQL Server 2016

clock July 24, 2018 07:26 by author Peter

In the release of SQL Server 2016 CTP 2 one of the features that was introduced is JSON clause. So, the first question that comes into everyone’s mind is What is JSON? JSON stands for JavaScript Object Notation. JSON is a lightweight format which is used for storing and interchanging the data. JSON uses standard JavaScript functions to convert the JSON data into native JavaScript objects. The main purpose of using FOR JSON is used to create new JSON objects. We can format the query results using FOR JSON clause in these ways,
With AUTO mode
With PATH mode
With ROOT option
Output with INCLUDE_NULL_VALUES option


In this blog, we will discuss the query formatting using FOR JSON clause with AUTO mode option.

Syntax for FOR JSON clause with AUTO option is like this:
FOR JSON AUTO

When AUTO option is used, the format of JSON is determined automatically on the basis of the number of columns present in the SELECT statement list. A FROM clause is necessary inquery with FOR JSON AUTO option.

When you join tables, columns present in the first table are used as properties of the root object in JSON array while columns present in the second table will be automatically formatted as a nested object within the root object.

Let’s execute the below query and see the JSON output.
SELECT sp.BusinessEntityID, 
   sp.TerritoryID, 
   st.CountryRegionCode, 
   st.[Group] TerrritoryGroup 
   FROM sales.salesperson sp 
   JOIN Sales.SalesTerritory st ON sp.TerritoryID = st.TerritoryID 
   WHERE sp.TerritoryID = 10 
FOR JSON AUTO 

After executing the above query, we get the output in this format.
[{ 
    "BusinessEntityID": 289, 
    "TerritoryID": 10, 
    "st": [{ 
        "CountryRegionCode": "GB", 
        "TerrritoryGroup": "Europe" 
    }] 
}]

Brackets [ ] represents JSON array in output.

Here, in the output, we can see that table Sales.SalesTerritory is automatically formatted as a nested object under parent object.

So we have generated a formatted query output using JSON clause. I will continue with other ways of formatted output using JSON clause in my next blogs.

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.



European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Drop Indexes In Views In SQL Server

clock July 19, 2018 08:56 by author Peter

In this article, I am going to tell about the dropping of indexes in View in SQL Server. Views are virtual tables in which data from one or more tables gives the result set as our SQL table does with rows and columns. A View doesn’t store the data permanently in the database and at the time of execution, only its result set gets determined. When a View contains a large amount of rows and has complex logic in it then we can create an index on a View to improve the query performance. A View consists of a Unique Clustered Index and it is stored in the database as the clustered index does. Now, let’s run a few scenarios to check when Clustered index which is created on a View gets dropped automatically.

First, I will create a table on which I will run those scenarios.
CREATE TABLE[dbo]. [Customer] 
    ( 
        [CustomerID][int] IDENTITY(1, 1) NOT NULL, [CustomerName][varchar](50) NOT NULL, [CEO][varchar](40) NULL, [Phone][varchar](20) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED( 
            [CustomerID] ASC)) 
GO 


Now, I will create a View which will use this Customer table.
-- Create view 
Create VIEW vw_customer 
 WITH SCHEMABINDING  
AS  
 SELECT  CustomerID, CustomerName, CEO 
  from dbo.Customer 
  GO 


Here in the definition of View, I have used WITH SCHEMABINDING which is necessary for creating an index on a View. This option simulates that we cannot delete any of the base table used in the View and in order to make any changes, first, we need to drop or alter the View.

Also, all the table references in a View should have two part naming convention (schemaname.tablename) as we have in vw_Customer view (dbo.Customer).

Now, I will create an index on our View.


Scenario 1

Create index IX_CustomerID  
 ON vw_customer (CustomerID); 
 GO 


Error returned: Cannot create index on view 'vw_customer'. It does not have a unique clustered index. On Views, the first index must be a unique clustered index, so this will throw the error.


So, the first index on View should be UNIQUE CLUSTERD INDEX, else it will throw an error.

Scenario 2
Create unique clustered index IX_CustomerID  
 ON vw_customer (CustomerID) 
 GO 

Now, our Indexed View is created having a clustered index on it. Now, I want to alter my View and add one more column GETDATE() as CurrentDate  in the View definition and alter the View.

Now, alter the View after Scenario 2.

Scenario 3
ALTER  VIEW vw_customer 
 WITH SCHEMABINDING  
AS  
 SELECT  CustomerID, CustomerName , GETDATE() as CurrentDate 
  from dbo.Customer 
GO 

Now, as I have altered the View, I want to create another index on column CustomerName which will be a NonClustered index.

Scenario 4
Create index IX_CustomerName  
 ON vw_customer (CustomerName); 
GO 


Again, I get an error: Cannot create index on view 'vw_customer'. It does not have a unique clustered index.

As we have already created Unique Clustered Index on View, still it gives an error. The interesting thing is that after updating the View, the index that was created in Scenario 2 is dropped and the code will throw the same error as in Scenario 1.

As mentioned here,
"ALTER VIEW can be applied to indexed views; however, ALTER VIEW unconditionally drops all indexes on the view."
Hope you will like this post.

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.

 



European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Using Window Ranking Function With UPDATE Statement

clock July 17, 2018 07:59 by author Peter

I was working on a scenario in which I needed to assign a unique value to a column. I was trying to update the column using window ranking function ROW_NUMBER() but I got an error that ‘Windowed function can only appear in SELECT or ORDER BY clause’:

Then I did some workaround and used the Windows function indirectly using a CTE (Common Table Expression) for this. I will show you step by step how I accomplished this using CTE.

Let’s first create a table with some test data,
    CREATE TABLE Test 
    ( 
        ID INT, 
        Value VARCHAR(10) NOT NULL 
    ) 
    GO 
     
    INSERT INTO Test (Value) VALUES('Sunday'),('Monday'),('Tuesday'),('Wednesday'),('Thursday'),('Friday'),('Saturday') 
    GO 

As we can see that in column ID NULL values get inserted as we didn’t specify any values for this column during INSERT statement. So, when I tried this UPDATE statement using ROW_NUMBER() with SET I got the following error,
    UPDATE Test 
    SET ID = ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY Value) 
    GO 

Then I used CTE to update the ID values in table test in this manner,
    ;WITH CTE AS 
    ( 
        SELECT Value, ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY Value) as RN 
        FROM Test 
    ) 
     
    UPDATE T 
    SET ID = RN 
    FROM CTE C JOIN Test T ON T.value = C.Value 


When I ran this SQL code I didn’t get any error and ID column values to get updated with unique values.

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.



European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Multiple SQL Operation In Single Procedure

clock July 12, 2018 08:14 by author Peter

In this blog, I will show you how to write multiple SQL Statements in one procedure. Instead of writing separate procedures for Select, Insert, Delete and Update operations into the table, I am going to show you how to combine all operations into one single Stored Procedure.

This Table is called tblEmployee with the below structure:
We want to write a procedure for this table for Select, Insert, Delete and Update records.

Instead of writing separate a stored procedure for each operation we are going to write only one stored procedure to perform Select, Insert, Delete and Update records.

How To Achieve It?
Are you wondering how to accomplish this? It is simple -- just add a parameter to the stored procedure. Depending on this parameter we are going to execute the appropriate operations.

Here is the stored procedure:
Createprocedure [dbo].[USP_Employee] @empid asint=0, @empname asvarchar(50)=NULL, @age asint=0, @salary asint=0, @dob asvarchar(20)=NULL, @designation asvarchar(50)=NULL, @Reqtype asvarchar(10)=NULL AS  
BEGINIF @Reqtype='SELECT'   
BEGIN   
SELECT empid,   
       empname,   
       age,   
       salary,   
       dob,   
       designation   
FROM   tblemployee   
ENDIF @Reqtype='INSERT'   
BEGIN   
insertinto tblemployee VALUES(@empid,@empname,@age,@salary,@dob,@designation)   
ENDIF @Reqtype='DELETE'   
BEGIN   
deletefrom tblemployee WHERE empid=@empid   
ENDIF @Reqtype='UPDATE'   
BEGIN   
UPDATE tblemployee   
SET    empname=@empname,   
       age=@age,   
       salary=@salary,   
       dob=@dob,   
       designation=@designation   
WHERE  empid=@empid   
ENDEND 

In the above example, based on the @Reqtype column the corresponding sql command will execute. For example, if the @Reqtype is select then select statement will execute. If the @Reqtype is inserted then Insert statement will execute.

In this blog, we have learned how to write multiple SQL operations into a single SQL procedure.

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.



European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Alternative To SQL "In" Condition When Working With Many Values

clock July 10, 2018 06:58 by author Peter
In this post, we will be discussing an alternative to using a SQL “IN” condition, where many values need to be parsed to the SQL query through the use of a User Defined Data Type to get exact records back based on a list of ID's. There will probably be a very small number of cases where additional steps (as detailed in this post) will need to be carried out. Afterall, SQL Server has a very large limit on the number of values the “IN” condition can handle, based on the length of instruction (max 65k).

However, based on personal experience where there is a bigger need for dealing with large volumes of data, investing extra time in database architecture is always good.

The “IN” Condition

For those who are not familiar, the “IN" condition is probably one of the most flexible methods of returning specific records from a table based on multiple list of values. The “IN” condition is a nice shorthand way to carry out multiple OR conditions. A basic example of the condition in use is:

SELECT *  
FROM Products  
WHERE ID IN (1, 2, 3, 4)  

User Defined Data Type

First introduced in SQL Server 2008, User Defined Data Types defines a way to storing temporary data in a structure similar to a table. The User Defined Data Type can be populated through a Table-Valued parameter within a stored procedure. This will be the key to what we will be using in dealing with many values for our alternative to using the IN condition.

Scenario: Selecting List of Products

I encountered a scenario that required a flexible way to get back a number of specific records from my database when I received a list of product ID’s from an external API for cross-referencing. Normally, I would just grab all the ID’s and parse them directly into the IN condition. It was an unknown as to how many ID’s would received from the external API and a different approach needed to be considered to ensure the application would be scalable.

Create A New User Defined Data Type

The first thing we need to do is to create a User Defined Data Type that will allow us to pass the list of our product ID’s in a table structure. The structure itself is very simple and contains just one column called ProductID.
CREATE TYPE Type_ApiProductIDs AS TABLE    
(  
    ProductID int  

Create Stored Procedure

Next we create a stored procedure called “spGetAllProductsByIDs” that will contain a parameter based on the data type we created above. In this case, the parameter is @ProductsTVP. Note that when using a variable based on a data type in a stored procedure, it must be declared as READONLY.

CREATE PROCEDURE spGetAllProductsByIDs  
(  
    @ProductsTVP Type_ApiProductIDs READONLY  
)  
AS  
BEGIN  
    SELECT  
        ID,  
        ProductName,  
        ProductPrice,  
        ProductDescription  
    FROM   
        CMS_Products p  
    INNER JOIN @ProductsTVP AS tvp ON p.ID = tvp.ProductID   
END 
The stored procedure is simply getting back all products from CMS_Products table based on a values stored in @ProductsTVP parameter through a join. Now all that needs to be done is to use this stored procedure in code.

Passing User Defined Data Type In Code

A method called GetProductsBySearchTerm() gets a list of product ID’s based on search terms from a call to the SearchApiHelper class, which then transforms this output to the “prodIdsTable" DataTable structure similar to our Type_ApiProductIDs data type. To use this DataTable with our stored procedure, we’ll be using a SqlDbType.Structured SQL parameter.
 
In addition to a DataTable, a IEnumerable<SqlDataRecord> and DbDataReader can be used in conjunction with the SqlDbType.Structured parameter.  
public static void GetProductsBySearchTerm(string searchTerm) 

    #region Get Product IDs from API Based On Search Term 
      List<int> searchProductIds = SearchApiHelper.GetResults(searchTerm); // Get list of product ID's. 
      // Create a Data Table in the same structure to User Data-Type. 
    DataTable prodIdsTable = new DataTable(); 
    prodIdsTable.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("ProductID", Type.GetType("System.Int32"))); 
      // Populate "prodIdsTable" datatable with ID's from SearchApiHelper. 
    if (searchProductIds?.Count > 0) 
    { 
        foreach (int id in searchProductIds) 
        { 
            DataRow newRow = prodIdsTable.NewRow(); 
            newRow["ProductID"] = id; 
            prodIdsTable.Rows.Add(newRow); 
        } 
    }  
    #endregion 
      if (prodIdsTable?.Rows.Count > 0) 
    { 
        DataSet dsProducts = new DataSet(); 
          using (SqlConnection sqlConn = new SqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ConnectionString"].ToString())) 
        { 
            try 
            { 
                sqlConn.Open(); 
 
                using (SqlCommand sqlCmd = new SqlCommand("spGetAllProductsByIDs", sqlConn)) 
                { 
                    sqlCmd.CommandType = CommandType.StoredProcedure; 
 
                    SqlParameter tvpParam = sqlCmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@ProductsTVP", prodIdsTable); 
                    tvpParam.SqlDbType = SqlDbType.Structured; 
 
                    SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(); 
                    da.SelectCommand = sqlCmd; 
                    da.Fill(dsProducts); 
                } 
 
                // Do something with the data returned from dsProducts DataTable... 
            } 
            catch (Exception e) 
            { 
                throw e; 
            } 
        } 
    } 
}

European SQL 2016 Hosting
European best, cheap and reliable ASP.NET hosting with instant activation. HostForLIFE.eu is #1 Recommended Windows and ASP.NET hosting in European Continent. With 99.99% Uptime Guaranteed of Relibility, Stability and Performace. HostForLIFE.eu security team is constantly monitoring the entire network for unusual behaviour. We deliver hosting solution including Shared hosting, Cloud hosting, Reseller hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as Service for companies of all size.



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.


Tag cloud

Sign in