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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: New Resumable Online Index Create SQL Server 2019

clock December 5, 2018 10:07 by author Peter

SQL Server 2019 brings a very exciting new feature that was long overdue. Resumable Online Index Creation is one of my favorite new things. This, when paired with Resumable Index Rebuilds introduced with SQL Server 2017, really gives database administrators much more control over the index processes.

Have you ever started to build a new index on very large table only to have users call and complain their process is hung, not completing, or sthe ystem is slow? That’s when you realize you’re the cause because you tried to sneak in a new index. I have many times; because creating a new index can impact the performance and can be a problematic process for users when you have no or little downtime windows available. When you kill the create process, it rolls back requiring you to start from the beginning the next time. With resumable Online Index Creation, now you have the ability to pause and restart the build at the point it was paused. You can see where this can be very handy.

To use this option for creating the index, you must include "RESUMABLE=ON".

CREATE INDEX MyResumableIndex on MyTable (MyColumn) WITH (ONLINE=ON, RESUMABLE=ON, MAX_DURATION=30)  

Let’s say you have only two 30-minute windows available to create this new index over the next two days. You could use the MAX_DURATION option with the new RESUMABLE=ON to specify the time interval for an index being built. Once the 30 minutes time is up, the index building automatically gets paused if it has not completed. When you’re ready the next day, you can RESUME right where it left off, allowing you to complete the process. Very cool.

Another added benefit is managing transaction log growth. As we all know, creating indexes, especially large ones, can cause hefty log growth events and can unfortunately lead to running out of disk space. This new functionality allows us to better manage that. We can now pause the process and truncate or backup the log mid process building the index in chunks.

In the case of when you create an index only to get complaints from users or manage your log growth, you can simply do the below to PAUSE and restart it when a time is better, or your transaction log maintenance has completed.

You can KILL the SPID creating the index or run the below.
ALTER INDEX MyResumableIndex ON MyTable PAUSE; 

To restart -

ALTER INDEX MyResumableIndex on MyTable RESUME; Or simply re-execute your CREATE INDEX statement  

According to MSDN, Resumable online index create supports the follow scenarios:

  • Resume an index creation operation after an index create failure, such as after a database failover or after running out of disk space.
  • Pause an ongoing index creation operation and resume it later allowing to temporarily free system resources as required and resume this operation later.
  • Create large indexes without using as much log space and a long-running transaction that blocks other maintenance activities and allows log truncation.

Note
SORT_IN_TEMPDB=ON is not supported when using RESUMABLE=ON

Once you pause it, how do you know how far the index got and how much is left to be created? With the Resumable REBUILD Index feature added in SQL Server 2017, we have also got a new sys.index_resumable_operations system view. This view shows us the percentage complete, current state, start time, and last pause time. I am very excited about this new Index Create feature. I think this is a big WIN for SQL Server 2019.

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Maximum Limit Value For Integer Data Type in SQL Server 2012

clock November 27, 2018 10:12 by author Peter

In this article, I described how to calculate the maximum range of various integer data types in SQL Server. TINYINT, SMALLINT, INT and BIGINT are all number data types. The difference between these data types are in the minimum and maximum values. So let's have a look at a practical example of how to calculate the maximum range of the integer data type in SQL Server. The example is developed in SQL Server 2012 using the SQL Server Management Studio.

Calculating the maximum range of various integer data types.

Bigint Data Type
The Bigint data type represents an integer value. It can be stored in 8 bytes.

Formula   2^(n-1) is the formula of the maximum value of a Bigint data type.
In the preceding formula N is the size of the data type. The ^ operator calculates the power of the value.
Now determine the value of N in Bit:
Select (max_length * 8) as 'Bit(s)' from sys.types Where name = 'BIGInt' 

 

Determine the maximum range of Bigint
The formula is:
2^(n-1) here N=64

Select Power(cast(2 as varchar),(64) -1) as 'Bigint max range'  from sys.types Where name = 'BIGInt'

The range of a Bigint data type is -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 to 9,223,372,036,854,775,807.

INT Data Type
Int represents an integer value that can be stored in 4 bytes. INT is the short form of integer.

Formula
2^(n-1) is the formula to find the maximum of an INT data type.
In the preceding formula N is the size of data type. The ^ operator calculates the power of the value.

Now determine the value of N in Bit:
Select (max_length * 8) as 'Bit(s)' from sys.types Where name = 'Int'

Determine the maximum range of int
The formula is:
2^(n-1) here N=32
Select Power(cast(2 as varchar),(32) -1) as 'int max range'  from sys.types Where name = 'Int'

The range of an int data type is -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647.

Smallint Data Type
Smallint represents an integer value that can be stored in 2 bytes.

Formula 
2^(n-1) is the formula to find the maximum of a Smallint data type.
In the preceding formula N is the size of the data type. The ^ operator calculates the power of the value.

Now determine the value of N in Bit:Select (max_length * 8) as 'Bit(s)' from sys.types Where name = 'Smallint'

Determine the maximum range of Smallint
The formula is:
2^(n-1) here N=64
Select Power(cast(2 as varchar),(16) -1) as 'Smallint max range'  from sys.types Where name = 'SMALLInt'

The range of a Smallint data type is -32768 to 32767.
Tinyint Data Type
Tinyint represents an integer value that can be stored in 1 byte.
The range of a Tinyint data type is 0 to 255.

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How To Split/Separate Numbers And Alphabets From Alpha Numeric String In SQL Server?

clock November 13, 2018 10:11 by author Peter

Today, I am going to explain how you can split/separate numbers and alphabets from an alphanumeric string in SQL server. When you work with any database-related application, either in Web or Windows applications, sometimes based on your requirement you have an alphanumeric string and you only want numbers from that string and want to use those numbers in your entire application as per your need, possibly as a variable, parameter, or a string concatenation.

Implementation
In my case I want to generate auto-increment token number and that token number will generate with a combination of My Invoice Number and Heder Name of Store, and in my Invoice Table Invoice Number like "HSP14569" where "HSP" is Header Name of Store. That can change based on Store selection and "14569" is my Invoice Number.

Actually, what I need is to split my invoice number from "HSP14569" To "14569" and increment with "1," so that will be "14570". Now, I will contact this new number with my header of the store.

So, yesterday I wrote one user-defined function in SQL server, which will return only numeric values from my string.

SQL Server User Defined Function
    CREATE FUNCTION dbo.GetNumericValue 
    (@strAlphaNumeric VARCHAR(256)) 
    RETURNS VARCHAR(256) 
    AS 
    BEGIN 
    DECLARE @intAlpha INT 
    SET @intAlpha = PATINDEX('%[^0-9]%', @strAlphaNumeric) 
    BEGIN 
    WHILE @intAlpha > 0 
    BEGIN 
    SET @strAlphaNumeric = STUFF(@strAlphaNumeric, @intAlpha, 1, '' ) 
    SET @intAlpha = PATINDEX('%[^0-9]%', @strAlphaNumeric ) 
    END 
    END 
    RETURN ISNULL(@strAlphaNumeric,0) 
    END 
    GO 


Note
You can modify this user defined function based on your need.

Let's see how you can use this user-defined function. Below, I have included some of the ways to use this function.
 
Sql Server Select Statment
    SELECT dbo.GetNumericValue('') AS 'Empty'; 
    SELECT dbo.GetNumericValue('HSP14569AS79RR5') AS 'Alpha Numeric'; 
    SELECT dbo.GetNumericValue('14569') AS 'Numeric'; 
    SELECT dbo.GetNumericValue('HSP') AS 'String'; 
    SELECT dbo.GetNumericValue(NULL) AS 'NULL'; 


Output

Summary
You can see the result was generated as above. If you have some alternate way to achieve this kind of requirement then please let me know, or if you have some query then please leave your comments.

 

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: All About Primary Key And Its Basics

clock November 7, 2018 08:44 by author Peter

In this series of articles, we will go deep into SQL Server from scratch and will gain knowledge of queries, optimization, and database administration. This is the first article of the series where we will learn about general SQL queries and their functioning. Images have been used wherever necessary so as to make you understand every command properly.

All Queries which I am posting today you can use  directly on your query plan like copy, paste and execute this query.
Each query has a valid column name and similarly I have shown in the form of image for proper understanding and proper usage

Find all Primary key in Give Database in following format,

SELECT i.name AS IndexName, 
    OBJECT_NAME(ic.OBJECT_ID) AS TableName, 
    COL_NAME(ic.OBJECT_ID, ic.column_id) AS ColumnName 
FROM sys.indexes AS i 
INNER JOIN sys.index_columns AS ic 
ON i.OBJECT_ID = ic.OBJECT_ID 
AND i.index_id = ic.index_id 
WHERE i.is_primary_key = 1  


Finding Constrains and Type of Constrain i.e. Primary and foreign key relation in the given database

SELECT OBJECT_NAME(OBJECT_ID) AS NameofConstraint, 
    SCHEMA_NAME(schema_id) AS SchemaName, 
    OBJECT_NAME(parent_object_id) AS TableName, 
    type_desc AS ConstraintType 
FROM sys.objects 
WHERE type_desc IN('FOREIGN_KEY_CONSTRAINT', 'PRIMARY_KEY_CONSTRAINT')  


Detailed level relationship and description of primary key and foreign key

SELECT f.name AS ForeignKey, 
    SCHEMA_NAME(f.SCHEMA_ID) SchemaName, 
    OBJECT_NAME(f.parent_object_id) AS TableName, 
    COL_NAME(fc.parent_object_id, fc.parent_column_id) AS ColumnName, 
    SCHEMA_NAME(o.SCHEMA_ID) ReferenceSchemaName, 
    OBJECT_NAME(f.referenced_object_id) AS ReferenceTableName, 
    COL_NAME(fc.referenced_object_id, fc.referenced_column_id) AS ReferenceColumnName 
FROM sys.foreign_keys AS f 
INNER JOIN sys.foreign_key_columns AS fc ON f.OBJECT_ID = fc.constraint_object_id 
INNER JOIN sys.objects AS o ON o.OBJECT_ID = fc.referenced_object_id 


Use the above snippets as per your requirement.

In most of the cases it's is going to be used in the Database Analysis where Database size and table are large and high in number.

Thus, we learned about the basic queries of SQL. If you have some doubt, or want to add some more information in this article, please feel free to write me in the comments section.

 

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How To Check If A String Contains A Substring In SQL Server?

clock November 2, 2018 12:14 by author Peter

In this blog, I wil explain how to check a specific word or character in a given statement in SQL Server, using CHARINDEX function or SQL Server and check if the string contains a specific substring with CHARINDEX function.
 
Alternative to CHARINDEX() is using LIKE predicate.
 
Method 1 - Using CHARINDEX() function

CHARINDEX()
This function is used to search for a specific word or a substring in an overall string and returns its starting position of match. In case no word is found, then it will return 0 (zero).
 
Let us understand this with examples.

Syntax
    CHARINDEX ( SearchString,WholeString[ , startlocation ] )

Example
    Declare @mainString nvarchar(100)='Kenneth James    ' 
    ---Check here @mainString contains Kenneth or not, if it contains then retrun greater than 0 then print Find otherwise Not Find 
    if CHARINDEX('Kenneth',@mainString) > 0  
    begin 
       select 'Find' As Result 
    end 
    else 
        select 'Not Find' As Result 


Output

CHARINDEX
 
Method 2 - Using LIKE Predicate
    DECLARE @WholeString VARCHAR(50) 
    DECLARE  @ExpressionToFind VARCHAR(50) 
    SET @WholeString = 'Kenneth James' 
    SET @ExpressionToFind = 'James' 
      
    IF @WholeString LIKE '%' + @ExpressionToFind + '%' 
        PRINT 'Yes it is find' 
    ELSE 
        PRINT 'It doesn''t find' 

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Identity Column In SQL Server

clock October 23, 2018 11:42 by author Peter
In this article, we will learn about identity function and how we reset identity columns in SQL Server. Identity keyword is used in SQL Server to auto increment column value.
Identity is a function which can be used to generate unique id values of a particular column automatically. It can be applied on integer datatype column only. A table should contain only one identity column.

Syntax
identity(seed,increment)
Default value of identity is identity (1,1)

The seed represents the starting value of an ID and the default value of seed is 1.

Increment: It will represent the incremental value of the ID and the default value of increment is 1.

Example

Create table student(Id int Primary key Identity ,Name varchar(50),City varchar(50),TotalNumer int)  
insert into student(Name,City,TotalNumer) values('A','Delhi',120)  
insert into student(Name,City,TotalNumer) values('B','Noida',110)  
insert into student(Name,City,TotalNumer) values('C','Gurgaon',125)  
select * from student  

Check the table, ID value is increased automatically. The default value of identity is the identity (1,1) ID column starts with 1 and increased by 1.

Example
User defined seed and incremental values,

create table tec(Id int identity(10,5),Deptname varchar(50))  
insert tec values('Dot Net')  
insert tec values('SQL')  
select * from tec 

Id value starts by 10 and increases by 5.

Note
If we want to insert the values into an identity column explicitly then we should follow the syntax.

Set identity_insert <Table name> off/on

Off-It is a default connection; we cannot insert a value into an identity column explicitly.

On-we can insert the values into an identity column explicitly. 

Reset Identity Column
Syntax
dbcc checkident('table name',reseed,0)
 
We can reseed identity column value using the DBCC CHECKIDENT command of SQL. Using this command we can reset identity column values,
dbcc checkident('student',reseed,0)

In this article, we have learned about identity column in SQL Server and how we can reset identity column values.

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Resolving The "Wait Operation Timed Out" Error When TFS Stops Working

clock October 17, 2018 11:48 by author Peter

Today, I will share one more interesting issue. A few days ago, our system administrator installed the Microsoft Test Manager 2012 on Microsoft Team Foundation Server 2010 (TFS 2010). Suddenly, our TFS stopped working. TFS was not able to extract the data from the database. Then I checked the error in the Event Viewer and found the error as below.

I did confirm that all the services inside the SQL Server were working fine. It became very difficult to find out the cause of this error because in our environment, SharePoint Server also existed and it was using the same SQL Server and working fine. After searching a lot about it on the internet, I found somewhere that the people got the same error after installing the Visual Studio 2011 and Visual Studio 2012.
 
Finally, I got the solution. I removed “.NET FrameWork 4.5″ from the system and reinstalled the ”.NET FrameWork 4.0". Then, our TFS Server went up again and started running fine. But it wasted a lot of time to find this solution, so, I am posting this it here to help people. However, I would advise you to be careful before making any changes or installing something new on the running server.

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SQL Server 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How To Use TRY CATCH In SQL Procedure?

clock October 10, 2018 11:18 by author Peter

In this post, we will learn how to use TRY CATCH in SQL procedure and store an error with error text. Here is a simple example for generating the error and storing it in a SQL table. Let's start coding. For saving the error in the table first we need to create the table in SQL Database. See below.
    CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Error_StoreProcedure]( 
        [ID] [bigint] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL, 
        [ErrorNumber] [varchar](50) NULL, 
        [ErrorSeverity] [varchar](50) NULL, 
        [ErrorState] [varchar](50) NULL, 
        [ErrorProcedure] [varchar](500) NULL, 
        [ErrorLine] [varchar](50) NULL, 
        [ErrorMessage] [varchar](max) NULL, 
        [EntryDate] [datetime] NULL, 
     CONSTRAINT [PK_Error_StoreProcedure] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED  
    ( 
        [ID] ASC 
    )WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY] 
    ) ON [PRIMARY] TEXTIMAGE_ON [PRIMARY] 
    GO

After creating the above table we need to create one procedure for saving the error in the table;  see below.
 CREATE PROCEDURE usp_GetErrorInfo   
    AS   
    BEGIN 
        INSERT INTO Error_StoreProcedure SELECT   
        ERROR_NUMBER() AS ErrorNumber   
        ,ERROR_SEVERITY() AS ErrorSeverity   
        ,ERROR_STATE() AS ErrorState   
        ,ERROR_PROCEDURE() AS ErrorProcedure   
        ,ERROR_LINE() AS ErrorLine   
        ,ERROR_MESSAGE() AS ErrorMessage 
        ,dbo.GetDateTimeZone()   
    END


After creating the above procedure now we have to use the above procedure inside the other procedure.
    CREATE PROCEDURE TESTING_ERROR_PROCEDURE 
      
    AS 
    BEGIN 
     SET NOCOUNT ON; 
     
        BEGIN TRY   
             
            -- Generate divide-by-zero error.   
            SELECT 1/0;   
         
        END TRY   
        BEGIN CATCH   
             
            -- Execute error retrieval routine.   
            EXECUTE usp_GetErrorInfo;   
         
        END CATCH;    
     
    END 
    GO


The above procedure generates the error and goes to the CATCH part and saves all information of the error into our error table.
Run this query SELECT * FROM Error_StoreProcedure

See the output of the above table. Output displays procedure name and line number of the error.

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SQL Server 2014 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Transfer Database From SQL Server 2008 To 2014

clock September 27, 2018 11:52 by author Peter

There are lots of companies that use Microsoft services for creating and editing databases and table records. It is one of the most sought-after technology when it comes to relational database management system. They keep upgrading their products to remove bugs and improve services. One may need to transfer database from SQL Server 2008 to 2014 to keep up with the latest requirements. It is better to have complete knowledge with respect to steps involved in performing the migration. There are different ways to perform this procedure without any data loss.

Different Ways to Transfer Database from SQL Server 2008 to 2014
Following is a snapshot of all the methods one can opt for when moving databases,

  • Transfer Database using Backup and Restore Option
  • First, archive the full database with all the instances.
  • Then, copy the backup to the target location.
  • Next, restore it on the destination Server specify the ‘WITH NORECOVERY’ option.
  • To migrate SQL Server 2008 database to 2014 by overwriting the pre-existing database, use the ‘WITH REPLACE’ option.

Move Database using Attach and Detach

  • First, detach the source Server by using the sp_detach_db stored procedure.
  • Then, copy the .mdf, .ldf and .ndf files to the destination computer.
  • Next, use the sp_attach_db stored procedure to attach the database to the target Server.
  • Browse to the location where the copied files are saved on the new machine.

Transfer using Import and Export Wizard
There is an inbuilt facility provided by Microsoft for SQL Server 2008 to 2014 migration. It is the Data Transformation Services Import and Export Data Wizard. It has the ability to transfer complete databases or selectively move objects to the destination database. It can be implemented by repeating the steps below:
First, go to SQL Server Management Studio on the source Server and select the database to export.
Then, right-click on it and go to Tasks >> Copy Database Wizard.
Now, select the source and destination credentials and choose appropriate settings.
Then, click Next or schedule SQL Server 2008 to 2014 migration for some other time.
Finally, click on the Execute button to implement the changes made.

Transfer SQL Server Scripts to Destination Server
First, launch the SQL Server Management Studio on the source server.

  • Then, select the database and right-click on it.
  • Then, go to Tasks >> Generate Scripts Wizard(GSW).
  • Next, select the appropriate choice from the multiple options available.
  • Make sure that the ‘script data = true’ is selected to move data as well.
  • Then, select Next >> Next >> Finish.
  • Next, connect to the Database Server and create a new database in it.
  • Then, select a ‘New Query’ button from the navigation bar and paste the scripts generated by the GSW.
  • Finally, execute them on the destination database.

It is a smarter decision to transfer database from SQL Server 2008 to 2014. It contributes towards organization’s growth and technology upgrade needs. There are far too many ways to perform this migration. It is not easy to understand and to implement them without any trouble. Even technical professionals can use some help now and again. This post discusses all the manual means to migrate SQL Server 2008 database to 2014. One can also go with SysTools SQL Server Database Migrator to transfer SQL Server database from one Server to another in a small down time in few clicks.

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European SQL 2016 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Ten SQL Server Shortcuts You Must Know

clock September 19, 2018 12:31 by author Peter
SQL Server is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft. As a Database Server, it is a software product with the primary function of storing and retrieving data as requested by other software applications, which may run either on the same computer or on another computer across a network.
Many developers are familiar with using some of the below listed shortcuts for SQL Server Management Studio. Using keyboard is always a preferred way of working as it boosts the working speed tremendously. Thus, I thought of sharing my experience listing these shortcuts that I usually find helpful while working with SQL Server Management Studio.

New Window
CTRL + N: Open up a new query Window in SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS).

Comment Code
CTRL + K, CTRL + C: Comment the selected text.
CTRL + K, CTRL + U: Uncomment the selected text.

Go to Line
CTRL + G: Go to specified line number in the current query window.

Result Pane
CTRL + R: Shows/Hides the Result Pane. Toggle the query results.
CTRL + T: Display results to Text
CTRL + D: Display results to Grid
CTRL + SHIFT + F: Display results to File

Change Case
CTRL + SHIFT + U: TChange the selected text to UPPER CASE.
CTRL + SHIFT + L: Change the selected text to lower case.
 

IntelliSense
CTRL + SPACE, TAB: Using Ctrl + Space, suggestions would be given, and using Tab, you can complete that suggestion.
Query Execution
F5 or ALT + X or CTRL + E: Execute all the queries written on query window.
CTRL + F5: Parse the query to check if there are any syntax errors.
 

Profiler
CTRL + ALT + P: Open up SQL Server Profiler. Profiler is generally used for tracing and analysing.
 

System SP
ALT + F1 (Select any stored procedure on query editor and press ALT + F1) : It runs the sp_help system stored procedure.
CTRL + 1: In the same way, it runs the sp_who system stored procedure. It will provide you the details like who created the SP, spid, host name, on which DB the SP was created and so on.
 

Screen
SHIFT + ALT + ENTER: Toggle full screen mode.
I hope you found the post "Ten SQL Server Shortcuts You Must Know" useful and worth reading.
 

What do you think?
If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to email us or put your thoughts in the  comments below. We would love to hear from you. If you found this post useful, please share with your friends and help them to learn.

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